Category Guru Sahibaan

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GURU NANAK DEV JI

Guru Nanak Dev Ji

Guru Nanak Dev Sahib Satguru

Guru Nanak was born on 29th November 1469 in a Bedi Khatri clan, in the village of Rai Bhoey Di Talwanddi, now called Nankana Sahib (after the Guru), near Lahore, Pakistan. Today, his birth place is marked by Gurdwara Janam Asthan. His father, Mehta Kaliyan Chand Bedi Ji, also known as Mehta Kalu, was the patwari (accountant) of crop revenue for the village of Talwandi under the Muslim landlord of the village, Rai Bular, who was responsible for collecting taxes. Guru Nanak’s mother was Tripta Devi Ji and he had one older sister, Nanaki Ji.

Name: Sri Guru Nanak Dev Ji (Bedi Lineage)
Place of Avtar: Rai Bhoey Di Talwandi (Sri Nanakana Sahib)
Date of Avtar: 1526 Bikrami, Katak Pooranmashi (approximately 1am), Wednesday 29th November, 1469 AD
Parents: Mata T...

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GURU ANGAD DEV JI

Guru Angad dev ji

Sri Guru Angad Dev Ji

 

Name: Sri Guru Angad Dev Ji (Tehan Lineage)
Place of Avtar: Mate Di Saran (Nange di Saran), Muktsar
Date of Avtar: 1561 Bikrami, Vaisakh, Saturday 23rd April, 1504 AD
Parents: Mata Sabharee Ji (Daya Kaur), Baba Pheru Mal Ji
Wife/consort: Mata Kheevee Ji
Ascension to Guruship: 1596 Bikrami, Asoo at Sri Kartarpur Sahib, 6th October 1539 AD
Ascension to Sach Kand: 1609 Chet, 27th March 1552 at Khadur Sahib
Kin: Sons – Baba Dasu Ji, Baba Datu Ji. Daughters – Bibi Amro Ji, Bibi Anokhi Ji Lifespan: 47 years, 11 months, 3 days
Guruship: 12 years, 6 months, 14 days

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GURU AMAR DASS JI

Guru Amar Dass Ji

Sri Guru Amar Das Ji

For their religious scriptures Guru Amar Das collected an anthology of writings including hymns of Guru Nanak and Guru Angad and added his own as well as those of other Hindu saints whose poems conformed to the teachings of Sikhism. All of these were in Punjabi and easily understood by the common people. When a learned Brahmin once questioned the Guru; “Why do you impart instruction to your disciples not in Sanskrit, the language of gods in which all the Hindu lore is written, but in their mother-tongue, like Punjabi, the language of the illiterate mass.” To this Guru Amar Das replied; “Sanskrit is like a well, deep, inaccessible and confined to the elite, but the language of the people is like rain water – ever fresh, abundant and accessible to all...

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GURU RAM DASS JI

Guru Ramdass ji

Sri Guru Ram Das Ji

Guru Ram Das Ji was born at Chuna Mandi, Lahore at the site of present shrine on 24th September 1534 and spent the first seven years of his life here. Soon after birth, he was given the name Jetha, meaning the first born.

Jetha’s simple and God-fearing parents, Hari Das and Anup Devi of Lahore were delighted at this precious gift from Waheguru. As he was growing up and in his teens, he could always be found in the company of religious men. Jetha became a handsome young man. One day Jetha came across a party of Sikhs who were on their way to Goindwal to pay homage to Guru Amar Das ji. Jetha decided to join them and also travel to Goindwal...

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GURU ARJUN DEV JI

Guru Arjun Dev Ji

Sri Guru Arjan Dev Ji

Guru Arjan Dev Ji, the fifth Guru of the Sikhs, was the embodiment of Godly devotion, Selfless Service and Universal Love. He was the treasure of celestial knowledge and spiritual excellence. He substantially contributed towards the welfare of the society. He stood steadfastly for the principles he believed in, sacrificed his own life, and attained a unique and unparalleled martyrdom in the history of mankind.

Guru Arjan Dev Ji was martyred in 1606 because the Emperor Jahangir suspected him of supporting a rival to the throne of Emperor, after the death of Emperor Akbar. Emperor Jehangir imprisoned Guru Arjan Dev Ji and later handed him over to Murtaza Khan (an official of Jehangir) to torture Guru Arjan Dev Ji to death...

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GURU HARGOBIND SAHIB JI

Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji

Sri Guru Har Gobind Sahib Ji

Sri Guru Har Gobind, was combined in his personality a saint, sportsman and a soldier. His father Sri Guru Arjan Dev was a true saint but the boy Har Gobind had perceived his father’s saintliness suffer and erode at the brutal hands of Mugal tyranny. When yet a little more than a child Guru Har Gobind was convinced that for sustaining the Panth sword was as essential as sainthood. He hence advocated that a Sikh Guru would represent both the Meeri and Peeri, the Shakti and Bhakti and the Tegh and Degh. He decided to wear on his waist two swords instead of one, that is, one to chastise the oppressor and the other to protect the innocent...

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GURU HAR RAI SAHIB JI

Guru Har Rai Sahib Ji

Sri Guru Har Rai Sahib Ji

Although, Guru Har Rai Ji was a man of peace, he never disbanded the armed Sikh Warriors (Saint Soldiers), who earlier were maintained by his grandfather, Guru Hargobind. He always boosted the military spirit of the Sikhs, but he never himself indulged in any direct political and armed controversy with the contemporary Mugal Empire. Once on the request of Dara Shikoh (the eldest son of emperor Shahjahan), Guru Sahib helped him to escape safely from the bloody hands of Aurangzebs armed forces during the war of succession.

Name: Sri Guru Har Rai Sahib Ji (Sodh lineage)
Place of Avtar: Kiratpur Sahib
Date of Avtar: 1687 Bikrami, Maghar, Sunday 5th February, 1630 AD
Parents: Mata Nihal Kaur Ji, Baba Gurditta Ji
Wife/consort: Mata Krishan Kaur Ji, Mata Chand Kaur Ji,...

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GURU HARKRISHAN SAHIB JI

Guru Harkrishan Sahib JI

Sri Guru Har Krishan Sahib Ji

Guru Har Krishan Sahib was born in Kiratpur Sahib Distt. Rupnagar, Punjab, India to Guru Har Rai and Kishan Kaur (Mata Sulakhni). Before his death in October 1661, Har Rai designated his younger son Har Krishan as the next Guru. Har Rai chose Har Krishan, rather than his elder son Ram Rai, because Ram Rai was in collusion with the Mugal Empire. Har Krishan was only five years old when he succeeded his father as Guru.

Name: Sri Guru Har Krishan Sahib Ji (Sodh lineage)
Place of Avtar: Kiratpur Sahib
Date of Avtar: 1713 Bikrami, Savan, Thursday 14th July, 1656 AD
Parents: Mata Krishan Kaur Ji, Sri Guru Har Rai Sahib Ji
Wife/consort: N/A
Ascension to Guruship: 1718 Bikrami, Katak, 8th November, 1661 AD – Kiratpur Sahib
Ascension to Sach Kand: 1721 Bikrami, Che...

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GURU TEGBHADUR SAHIB JI

Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji

Sri Guru Tegh Bahadur Sahib Ji

Shortly after the birth of Guru Teg Bahadur, Sri Guru Har Gobind Sahib asked many priests, including Baba Budha Ji and Baba Gurdas to come with him and bless the child. On seeing the child, Guru Har Gobind and Baba Budha bowed to the him and touched his feet. On being asked by one of his followers to explain his actions, Guru Har Gobind said that Guru Teg Bahadur was sent to this world with a great mission: he would sacrifice his own life for the welfare of others. Sri Guru Har Gobind Sahib always wore two swords; Miri (political sovereignty) and Piri (spiritual sovereignty). When Guru Har Gobind Sahib picked up his child, Guru Tegh Bahadur picked up the sword that represented Peeri.

Name: Sri Guru Tegh Bahadur Sahib Ji (Sodh lineage)
Place of Avtar: Gurdwa...

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GURU GOBIND SINGH JI

Guru Gobind Singh Ji

Sri Guru Gobind Singh Sahib Ji

Gobind Rai spent the first five years of his life in Patna. As a child, he used to play war games with other children, leading mock battles. He had many admirers, including a learned Brahmin called Pandit Shiv Dutt (or Shiv Das). Once, Raja Fateh Chand of Patna and his Rani, a childless couple, visited Shiv Dutt, and asked him to bless them with a child. Shiv Dutt suggested that if an innocent child like Gobind Rai prayed to God, their desire would be fulfilled. The couple then asked young Gobind Rai to visit their palace, where the Rani asked Gobind Rai to pray to God to bless her with a son like him. Gobind Rai smiled and said that there can be nobody like him, so the Rani should call him her son...

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